A matter of perspective:
A perspective from US: does it matter?
Using the compass to orientate:
Arabia (Ancient): They put south at the top. This is because when you wake up and face the sun, south is on the right. Because of positive associations with the right as opposed to left, they put that on top.It needn’t be a Eurocentric world -
Europeans learnt mapmaking from the Arabians and flipped the map to make themselves on top.
Medieval Europe: Jerusalem was on top because that was the Holy Land. This meant that east was more or less at the top.
McArthur's map -1979
MEDITERRANIAN: The best Catalan map 1375
-made in Mallorca by Abraham Cresques
«Cresques lo juhueu qui lo dit mapamundi a fet»
"Les cartes portolanes: la representació medieval d'una mar solcada", a body of knowledge regarding the map-makers of Majorca of the late middle ages that had not obtained the recognition it deserves in the English-speaking cartographical research world.
Crescques was the first to draw an ornate compass rose on a map. By the end of the 15th century, Portuguese cartographers began drawing multiple ornate compass roses throughout the chart.
His son, Jafuda (Jehuda) , dues to the Crown persecutions of 1391 converted to Christianity, at which time he took the name Jaume Riba, Jacobus Ribus,Despite the map's rather approximate cartographical design, which emphasize the earth's spherical shape and the state of the known world, many Indian and Chinese cities can be identified. The explanatory texts report customs described by Marco Polo and catalogue local economic resources, real ones or supposed ones. This, indeed, is perhaps the most interesting aspect of the Catalan Atlas : to the east of the well-defined Mediterranean world lie immense regions whose economic importance is clearly understood, but which remain mysterious and unexplored. This world of spices, silks, and fabulous riches described by Marco Polo is the one that Christopher Columbus would attempt to reach by a western route 117 years later.
Everybody makes mistakes sometimes....
Martin's Positive stereotypes: such as ‘Japanese and Koreans are all very smart’, ‘the French are very romantic’, and ‘all Canadians are polite.’”
Click an pick up your negative ones:
or Independence day!
But no-one can fool everybody everytime!
Columbus gets a lot of flak for mistaken the Americas for India, but c'mon, the guy couldn't exactly consult GPS and Google.
My fav goofs
- George W. Bush:
- "Africa is a nation that suffers from incredible disease.”
- Paris Hilton
- “I love Africa in general. South Africa and West Africa. They are both great countries.”
- Britney Spears
- "I've never really wanted to go to Japan. Simply because I don't like eating fish. And I know that's very popular out there in Africa."