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Thursday, December 17, 2015

Naw NEWS - from press releases to stressed journalism

"Now, like toothless babies, they suckle on the sugary teat of misinformation and poop it into the diaper we call the six o'clock news"
        Kent Brockman, TV newsreader, The Simpsons

I couldn't find the video. Somebody wrote:

      "This is GREAT STUFF! No wonder Youtube has censored it."

Do not miss the blunt Hans Rosling, our Swedish celebrity statistician, who has urged the 'arrogant' media to see the big picture in a feisty clash on Danish television.
'You can't trust the media'
When challenged for the source of his facts, Rosling replied:
"Statistics from The International Monetary Fund, the United Nations, nothing controversial. (...) I am right, and you are wrong,"
Send the video to your friends!!!

So.... what is to be done?

TASK. Listen to Write. Choose your best proposal:
Atkins  o
r  Davies
Which news articles are not researched by journalists, but are simply based closely on press releases? Chris Atkins investigates the murky process of churnalism

When press releases masquerade as news stories


Book coverIn Flat Earth News, award-winning journalist Nick Davies takes the lid off newspapers and broadcasters, exposing the mechanics of falsehood, distortion and propaganda; naming names and telling the stories behind stories. This website is intended to be a focal point for exposing past, current and future media abuse.

Journalists, and anyone else with direct knowledge of media malpractice, are invited to blog about examples of media falsehood and distortion; PR tactics and propaganda; and the use of illegal news-gathering techniques. All visitors are invited to make comments on these blog posts.

Nick Davies on Churnalism
Resultado de imagen de news and liesMedia Falsehoods and Propaganda
This section contains background writing and documents revealing the impact on public debate and government policy of falsehood, distortion and propaganda in the news media. Each of the topics below expands on points made in Flat Earth News.

The following five articles by Nick Davies attempt to dig into the underlying assumptions which inform government education policy and link to the consistent way in which Flat Earth News distorts policy. These articles relate to a reference on page 40 of the book.

Kent Brockman

Monday, December 14, 2015

Colonies words- settlers, pilgrims, our worlds

3 ingots
New words - 
the discovery of unruled lands, 
that is conquest, 
piece by piece
of the pacified worlds 
by US, the civilised ones.

By Theuspater,  Deuspiter, Jupiter ... 
By Jove, 
 ingot Romans believed entheusiastically.
 They believed in Gold, sorry, good
 And the sword. Peace upon you.

cat: torsimany; cast: trujamán, truchimán (s. XIV y XV) o trujimán; pt: turgimão; it: turcimano; fr: trouchement, troucheman: Latin: dragoman): the entry comes from Arabic  turyuman and it was used in the  XIII century,  Las Siete Partidas (Partida II, título XXX) by the King Alfonso, as a  synonym of go-between and interpret. Probably derived from Turkish tercüman.

Plato was not willing to learn other languages. He considered the knowledge of languages slave wisdom. Contempt for the languages of the defeated was part of the arsenal of all conquerors.

1- On Cleopatra’s knowledge: “She spoke most languages, and there were but few of the foreign ambassadors whom she answered through an interpreter.”
2- The Normans despised the English language.

INTRO- Beatus Lullius (born in Majorca from a migrant Catalan family). Spreading the word of God.
Llull pressed for the study of Arabic and other then-insufficiently studied languages in Europe for the purpose of converting Muslims to Christianity. He travelled through Europe to meet with popes, kings, and princes, trying to establish special colleges to prepare future missionaries.
He returned in 1308, reporting that the conversion of Muslims should be achieved through prayer, not through military force. He finally achieved his goal of linguistic education at major universities in 1311 when  the Council of Vienne  ordered the creation of chairs of Hebrew, Arabic and Chaldean (Aramaic) at the universities of Bologna, Oxford, PAris and Salamanca as well as at the Papal Court.
Symbolically enacting colonial authority meant that ceremonies, actions, speeches, and records primarily targeted their fellow Europeans. It was above all their own countrymen and political leaders that colonists had to convince of the legitimacy of their actions, not indigenous people. (Seed, 1995: 11)

BIT 1. -Christophorus and the Jew
The European Discovery of the New World – In 1492, Christopher Columbus filled his frst two weeks of his journal with 75 entries with the words .... Lord? faith?, no: GOLD. His landing in the Bahamas changed the world forever. It helped establish trade routes between North America and Europe and ushered in a new age of voyage and discovery. Columbus brought Luis De Torres, born Yosef ben Levi Ha-Ivri, an interpreter who had converted in 1491 to avoid Isabel's expulsion edict, with him during his first voyage. Unfortunately, De Torres’s proficiency in Hebrew, Arabic, Aramaic, Portuguese, and Spanish was of little use in communicating with the natives.
Columbus hoped that the interpreter's skills would be useful in Asia because they would enable him to communicate with local Jewish traders.
After arriving at Cuba, which he supposed to be the Asian coast, Columbus sent de Torres and the sailor Rodrigo de Jerez for an expedition inland on November 2, 1492. Their task was to explore the country, to contact its ruler and to gather information about the Asian emperor of Kathay described by Marco Polo. The two men were received with great honours in a local village (our Indians), from where they returned four days later. They did report on the native custom of drying leaves, inserting them in cane pipes, burning them, and inhaling the smoke: the first European encounter with

BIT 2.  Indian subcontinent - Portuguese traders: 
Yusuf Adil Shah - Adil Khan - Hidalcão The story of Gaspar da Gama is a fascinating one. According to his own story, he was born in Poznan, Poland in 1444, but his family left due to religious prosecution. He became a Jewish traveller, made his way to Alexandria, was taken prisoner and sold as a slave in India, where he obtained his freedom and entered the service of the ruler of Goa. There, he took on the name Yusuf 'Adil. We do not know what his original name was.
When the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrived off Angediva in 1498, he was greeted in a friendly fashion by this flowing white long-bearded European on behalf of his master.

Startled, and believing he was probably a spy, Gaspar de Gama was immediately arrested and tortured. Realizing the man would be useful to him as he spoke various languages, including Hebrew, Arabic, Chaldean (Caldeu) and Italian mixed with Spanish.
Vasco da Gama self-righteously seized the Jew and compelled him to embrace Christianity under the baptismal name of Gaspar da Gama.

He was also known as Hidalcão, Gaspar d'Almeida and Gaspar de las Indias. As a Catholic, Gaspar da Gama became the pilot of Vasca da Gama's fleet. He sailed with several Portuguese fleets between Europe and India, including the fleet  that discovered Brazil in 1501.
Cantino planisphere -1502
 Former renegades and captives, natives and converted slaves, Jews and new Christians, adventurers and convicts formed an important contingent of a specific category inside the frontier society of the Portuguese empire: that of the interpreters or linguas. Furthermore, there were several technical problems. Individuals with proficiency in Eastern languages were rare in Portugal.
BIT 3.  "Welcome Englishmen" 1621  - English pilgrims

From the 1622 The booklet Mourt's Relation, where the narrator describes Samoset's visit thus:
Friday the 16th a fair warm day towards; this morning we determined to conclude of the military orders, which we had begun to consider of before but were interrupted by the savages, as we mentioned formerly; and whilst we were busied hereabout, we were interrupted again, for there presented himself a savage, which caused an alarm. He very boldly came all alone and along the houses straight to the rendezvous, where we intercepted him, not suffering him to go in, as undoubtedly he would, out of his boldness.

He saluted us in English, and bade us welcome, for he had learned some broken English among the Englishmen that came to fish at  Monchiggon, and knew by name the most of the captains, commanders, and masters that usually come.  
He was a man free in speech, so far as he could express his mind, and of a seemly carriage. We questioned him of many things; he was the first savage we could meet withal. He said he was not of these parts, but of Morattiggon, and one of the sagamores or lords thereof, and had been eight months in these parts, it lying hence a day's sail with a great wind, and five days by land. He discoursed of the whole country, and of every province, and of their sagamores, and their number of men, and strength.
In 1614, six years before the Pilgrims landed in modern-day Massachusetts, an Englishman named Thomas Hunt kidnapped Tisquantum from his village, Patuxet, which was part of a group of villages known as the Wampanoag confederation. (Europeans had started visiting the northeast of what is now the United States by the 1520s, and probably as early as the 1480s.)
Hunt took Tisquantum and around two dozen other kidnapped Wampanoag to Spain, where he tried to sell them into slavery.
"It caused quite a commotion when this guy showed up trying to sell these people," Mann said. "A bunch of people in the church said no way." 
Tisquantum escaped slavery -- with the help of Catholic friars, according to some accounts -- then somehow found his way to England. 

BIT 4.   The North and East in Outer Mongolia. Manchu-Russian neighbours -XVII century
Russia could not maintain the Eastern border. She was more interested in trade terms. 
The new rulers, the Manchu (Qing dinasty -1644-1912). Their government sent two letters to the Tsar (in Latin) in 1685 suggesting peace and demanding that Russian freebooters leave the Amur river. 
The language used was Latin, the translators being, for the Russians, a Pole named Andrei Bielobocki and for the Chinese the Jesuits Gerbillon and T Pereira. The differences between Manchu-Russian versions of the treaty, see V. S. Frank, "The Territorial Terms of the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk, 1689". Then no need of Mandarin Chinese.... yet.

Not Chinese dynasties: Mongol (1212-1389). (Yuan  = Unity)

Manchu _ Qing - "Pure" 


you know the rest of the test.

in the XXI century, there is another race:

-1-  (2007 TV Mini- Canadian Series)
In the year 2030, the race to be the first to reach the Red Planet is on - and China is leading the way. China has stunned the world by leapfrogging over America's long-term plans and has landed a series of advanced rovers and robotic landers in their quest to make the most important discovery in history - extraterrestrial life on Mars.

-2-  What to do?  gold in mars

-3- Where?  Mount Olympus (27.000 height volcano)

-4- WHO?  Taikonauts

Saturday, December 12, 2015

Cook and Moore_Two legs ... the minimum requirement

'One Leg Too Few' (1989) -classics
 Peter Cook and Dudley Moore

From 'The Secret Policeman's Biggest Ball' in 1989. -25 years on the show

Peter Cook[in character, calls out to stage right] Uh, Miss Rigby? Stella, my love? Would you send in the next auditioner, please? Thank you, my dear. 
[Enter Moore, grinning broadly, wearing trench coat, hopping on one leg, the other leg -- the left one -- tucked under the coat - he hops over to Cook and shakes hands.] 
Peter Cook: Nice to see you. 
Dudley Moore: [still hopping up and down] Nice to see you. 
Peter Cook: Settle down. [puts a hand on Moore's shoulder and stops his hopping] Uh, Mr. Spiggott, is it not? 
Dudley Moore: Yes, Spiggott's the name, acting's my game. 
Peter Cook: I see. Spiggott is the name and acting is your game. 
Dudley Moore: Right. 
Peter Cook: If you'd like to settle down for one moment, Mr. Spiggott. 
Dudley Moore: Certainly, yes. 
Peter Cook: Thank you very much. [Moore hops over to the chair and rests his "stump" on it] Mr. Spiggott, er, you are auditioning, are you not, for the role of Tarzan? 
Dudley Moore: Yes. 
Peter Cook: Uh, Mr. Spiggott, I, uh, I couldn't help noticing -- almost immediately -- that you are a one-legged man. 
Dudley Moore: Oh. You noticed that? 
Peter Cook: When you've been in the business as long as I have, Mr. Spiggott, you, uh, you get to notice these little things, almost instinctively. 
Dudley Moore: Yeah. Sort of ESP. 
Peter Cook: That kind of thing, yes. 
Dudley Moore: Mm, yes. 
Peter Cook: Now, Mr. Spiggott, you, a one-legged man, are applying    for the role of Tarzan. 
Dudley Moore: Yes, right. 
Peter Cook: A role traditionally associated with a two-legged artiste. 
Dudley Moore: Yes, correct, yes, yes. 
Peter Cook: And yet you, a unidexter... are applying for the role. 
Dudley Moore: Yes, right, yes. 
Peter Cook: A role for which two legs would seem to be the minimum requirement. Well, Mr. Spiggott, need I point out to you with overmuch emphasis where your deficiency lies as regards landing the role? 
Dudley Moore: Yes, I think you ought to. 
Peter Cook: Perhaps I ought, yes. Need I say with, uh, too much        stress that it is in the, uh, leg division that you are deficient. 
Dudley Moore: The leg division? 
Peter Cook: The leg division, Mr. Spiggott. You are deficient in the leg division to the tune of one. Your right leg I like. It's a lovely leg for the role. As soon as I saw it come in, I said, "Hello! What a lovely leg for the role!" 
Dudley Moore: Ah! 
Peter Cook: I've got nothing against your right leg. 
Dudley Moore: Ah! 
Peter Cook: The trouble is -- neither have you. [delayed applause]          You, uh, you fall down on the left. 
Dudley Moore: You mean it's inadequate? 
Peter Cook: It is inadequate, Mr. Spiggott. 
Dudley Moore: Mm. 
Peter Cook: In my view, the public is not yet ready ... 
Dudley Moore: No? 
Peter Cook: ... for the sight of a one-legged Tarzan swinging through the jungly tendrils, shouting "Hello, Jane." 
Dudley Moore: No. No, right. 
Peter Cook: But don't despair, Mr. Spiggott. I mean, after all, you score over a man with no legs at all. By one hundred percent. 
Dudley Moore: Well, I've got twice as many. 
Peter Cook: You're streets ahead! 
Dudley Moore: So there's still hope? 
Peter Cook: Of course there is still hope, Mr. Spiggott. 
Dudley Moore: Ah! 
Peter Cook: I mean, if we get no two-legged character actors in here within, say, the next, oh, [checks his wristwatch] eighteen months, there is every chance that you, a unidexter, will be the very type of artiste we shall be attempting to contact with a view to jungle stardom. 
Dudley Moore: [likes the sound of that] Jungle stardom. 
[Moore gets off chair, shakes hands with Cook while hopping up and down.] 
Peter Cook: I'm just sorry I can't be more definite at this stage. 
Dudley Moore: Oh, good Lord! 
Peter Cook: But you must understand ... these days. We've so much tied up in the remake of Gone With The Wind, Part Four, we can't afford... 

[ Moore exits right, hopping and waving goodbye.  Cook, alone on stage, does a little hopping himself to the music as we fade out.]   -scripts

From "Beyond the Fringe," -best audio
their complete 1964 gala farewell performance

... and for Christmas, watch this (it was 11 years before Life of Brian!)

four bits:

M:Let me introduce myself Arthur. My name is Matthew. Jolly good. Let me explain, Arthur, we are doing an in-depth profile of Jesus.
S:Er, which newspaper do you work for?
M:I work for The Bethlehem Star.

M:Now what I'd like you to do, if you're willing of course, is tell me what happened, in your own words.
S:Basically what happened was that me and the lads were abiding in the fields. Yeah, and we were watching our flocks by night.
M:Watching our flocks by night, yeah…
S:Yeah. That's when they get up to all their rubbish.

Hot summer nights, the rams go mad.

Specially that one over there, he's a filthy little bugger. [We hear bleating.] Will you cut that out?! Doing that in front of you, a holy man!
M:Yeah, well, it's only human.

bit 3
M:Right. Now then - What was the atmosphere like in the stable, on this joyous, historic occasion?
S:The atmosphere in the stable was very, very smelly.

bit 4.

S:Joseph, in particular. He was sitting in the corner of the stable, looking very gloomy indeed.
M:: He might have been feeling a bit disgruntled, not being the real father.

M:Yeah! Anyway, Arthur, I gather later on in the evening, three wise men came by, am I right there?

S:Three bloody idiots if ever I saw any. In they come, call themselves Maggie.

S:And, er, they were bearing these gifts, you see.Gold, frankincense, and [nasally] mhhhhhhhyr.

S:Well, I think the gold was probably welcome. But what's a little kid going to do with frankincense and [nasally] mhhhhhhhyr? I ask you.

Friday, December 11, 2015

Our five optimists -from evolutionists to revolutionists

Resultado de imagen de quotes chesterton optimist

Every one of the great revolutionists have been optimists. They have been indignant, not about the badness of existence, but about the slowness of men in realizing its goodness.  
          (G K Chesterton)

The scientists with reasons to be cheerful -THE GUARDIAN

We’re hardwired to focus on bad news stories, but that is not the whole truth. Ed Cumming meets the optimistic statisticians and economists using facts to reveal why more people are healthier and happier than ever before -by Ed Cummings

We’re older, wiser, healthier: Max Roser, who runs Our World in Data, uses statistics to tell the real stories about our world.

OUR FIVE academics trying to tell a more positive story with data. We are hardwired to seek out bad news and focus on the things going wrong. We’re on the edge of our seats, secretly waiting for calamity. Usually the news provides.

1# De Fries
As you might guess from the subtitle of DeFries’s 2014 book The Great Ratchet: How Humanity Thrives in the Face of Natural Crisis, she is hopeful about our ability to avert disaster. She argues that history has progressed by “ratchets”, where things improve; “hatchets”, where unforeseen problems occur; and “pivots”, where new solutions are found. 
2#  Max Roser
Max Roser runs Our World in Data, which shows how standards of living have changed over the centuries. Begun in 2011 as a “massive procrastination exercise when I was trying to write a book”, as Roser says, the site now employs full-time researchers and is looking for new sources of funding. Using the best and most official data available, he shows how global poverty continues to fall while standards of living, health and education continue to rise.
3-4#  Matt Ridley & Steve  Pinker
In the UK, Matt Ridley has been beating his Rational Optimist drum for years, while Harvard professor Steven Pinker argued persuasively in his book The Better Angels of Our Nature that violence is on the decline. 

5#  Rosling - Hans -OlaPresiding over the field is Hans Rosling, the Swedish professor who is the closest thing statistics has ever had to a rock star. His TED talk The Best Stats You’ve Ever Seen has been viewed more than 10m times.
The brand is manifested in Gapminder, a public-access site founded by Hans, Ola and Ola’s wife Anna in 1999. At the site’s core is a customisable graph, where you can plot different data trends against each other and break them down by country. 
Resultado de imagen de rosling ignorance project
Our wrong answers  must be due to preconceived ideas that  in a systematic way created and maintained ignorance. Only preconceived ideas can make us perform worse than random. During that work we have encountered all kinds of pre-conceived ideas and outdated concepts about our contemporary world. Our priorities have been guided by such ignorance-encounters. With the Ignorance Project we have now decided to start a systematic search for widespread ignorance about the world.